Daily News Brief on ICGLR Member States compiled by LMRC (29th October 2019)

1.     ANGOLA

a)    Angola Press Agency: Angolan President names new Mass Media

Luanda - The President of the Republic, João Lourenço, nominated Nuno dos Anjos Caldas Albino, also known as "Nuno Carnaval", as Mass Media minister, replacing Aníbal João da Silva Melo, dismissed on the same date.

According to a note from the Civil Office of the Presidency of the Republic, which has reached ANGOP, the Head of State also dismissed Rui Jorge Carneiro Mangueira from the post of Angolan ambassador to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and Mário Félix as Ambassador of Angola to the Republic of Cote D'Ivoire.

On another Presidential Order, the President of the Republic appointed Geraldo Sachipengo Nunda to be ambassador to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and Feliciano António dos Santos to the position of extraordinary and plenipotentiary ambassador of Angola to Poland.

b)    Angola Press Agency: Angolan President congratulates Botswana counterpart

Luanda - The Angolan President, João Lourenço, saluted on Sunday his Botswana counterpart, Mokgweetsi Masisi, for the victory in the elections that happened on the 23rd of the current month.

Mokgweetsi Masisi was reelected for another five-year term.

On the official message that has reached ANGOP, President João Lorenço stresses that the re-election is confirmation of the trust and confidence of Botswana's people.

“By electing him, they (the people) showed that they believe in the correctness and deep scope of the policies (...), which he has been carrying out with remarkable success ", states the document.

The Angolan leader encourages his Tswana counterpart to keep making efforts to achieve the great goals of progress, welfare and prosperity.

In the letter, the Angolan Head of State expresses Angola's interest in continuing to strengthen existing relations.

The two member countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) discussed this year the possibility of setting up a bilateral cooperation commission.

The commission aims to revitalize the existing diplomatic relations that began in 1975.

A General Cooperation Agreement between Angola and Botswana has been in force since 2006.

2.     BURUNDI

a)    Relief web: Refugee returns to Burundi must be voluntary and not under pressure

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is repeating its call to ensure that refugee returns from Tanzania to Burundi remain voluntary and not under pressure, following a bilateral agreement between the two governments in August this year to increase return rates.

Recently, we have noted mounting pressure on Burundian refugees and asylum-seekers to return home - despite assurances from the authorities that all returns will be voluntary and free from intimidation, and no refugee will be forcibly returned.

We continue to call upon both governments to uphold refugees’ freedom of choice with regard to return, and to ensure that returns are made in safety and dignity, with UNHCR having access on both sides of the border to carry out its protection mandate, including monitoring returnees in Burundi.

UNHCR reiterates that the principle of voluntary return requires that repatriation should be based on a freely-exercised choice, devoid of coercion or pressure, and that UNHCR has full access to refugees in order to establish the voluntary nature of any returns.

UNHCR remains firmly committed to supporting durable solutions for refugees in Tanzania, including voluntary return to Burundi for those who want to go back. Others will need continued protection and support in Tanzania.

UNHCR is working with local officials to ensure refugee returns are voluntary and only taking place under the existing three-party agreement between the Tanzanian and Burundian governments and the UN Refugee Agency. Some 79,000 refugees have made the choice to return to Burundi under this arrangement since 2017.

UNHCR looks forward to the upcoming meeting of the Tripartite Commission, scheduled for late November – the best forum to discuss concerns and seek solutions, to ensure that refugees who have made the informed, free and voluntary decision to return can do so in safety and in dignity.

Tanzania currently hosts 206,000 Burundian refugees, the majority living in three refugee camps in western parts of the country.

3.     CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

a)    African Union Peace and Security: Press Statement of the 884th PSC meeting on the situation in the Central African Republic (CAR)

The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 884th meeting, held on 10 October 2019, followed a Joint briefing by AU Commissioner for Peace and Security, Ambassador Smail Chergui and the UN Under-Secretary General for Peacekeeping Operations, Ambassador Jean-Pierre Lacroix, on the Situation in the Central African Republic (CAR), following the joint AU-UN-European Union (EU) visit, undertaken in that country, from 4 to 7 October 2019.

Council recalled its previous Communiqués and Press Statements on the Situation in the Central African Republic, particularly which of its 834th meeting, held on 21 March 2019, as well as the Communiqué of its 848th meeting, held on 9 May 2019 on the Situation in the CAR.

Council congratulated the signatory parties to the Political Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation (APPR) in the CAR on the progress made in its implementation, in particular the restoration of State authority, with the installation all the Prefects, Sub-Prefects, the technical security committees and the progressive deployment of the National Defence and Security Forces throughout the country. Council noted with satisfaction the significant reduction in violence since the signing of the Peace Agreement, while expressing concern about the continued hostile acts in the country. In this regard, Council strongly condemned the fighting between the armed groups in Birao, which resulted in many losses of life and the displacement of more than 15,000 persons.

Council stressed the imperative need for all signatories to scrupulously comply with the provisions of the APPR, including the cessation of hostilities throughout the entire territory. In this regard, Council warned all those who would seek to impede the implementation of the Agreement and the comprehensive peace process in the Central African Republic, that they would be held accountable and that Council is determined to consider appropriate punitive measures.

Council noted with satisfaction the progress made in rebuilding the Central African Armed Forces (FACA) and expressed its gratitude to the United Nations Security Council and its Member States for deciding, through the adoption of Resolution 2488 (2019), to ease the conditions of the arms embargo in order to enable the CAR to rebuild its armed forces. In this regard, Council encouraged the United Nations Security Council, in view of the significant progress made by the Central African authorities, in their efforts towards Security Sector Reform, to continue to support the rebuilding of the Central African Defence and Security Forces, by dropping the armed embargo to this effect. In this regard, Council urged the Central African parties to work towards the rapid operationalization of the Mixed Military Security Units, in line with the security arrangements provided for in the Agreement.

Taking into consideration interdependence between peace, security and development in line with the PSC Communique [PSC/PR/COMM.1(DCCCLXXXIII)] adopted at its 883rd meeting, on 27 September 2019, held at Ministerial Level, Council called on the international community to support peace efforts especially those aiming to the economic and social recovery in CAR, notably through supporting the National Recovery and Peace-Building Plan (RCPCA) 2017-2021 and through the participation to the set-up of concrete and  targeted development projects, which would be crucial for the reintegration of central African populations in the working life, including those concerned by the demobilization operation.

Council reaffirmed that the electoral process is a priority step in consolidating the democratic gains and stability in the country. In this regard, Council urged the Central African actors to scrupulously comply with the upcoming dates of the elections to be held in 2020/2021 and to ensure that they are free, fair, credible and peaceful, and rejected any idea relating to a new transition. Furthermore, Council reaffirmed the need for all the parties to work in good faith for the organisation of the elections, which are part of the peacebuilding process in the Central African Republic.

Council encouraged the people of CAR, including the signatory and non-signatory parties, the political actors, the Civil Society and Women's and Youths associations, to continue to support the implementation of the Agreement, which remained the sole path for the restoration of a lasting peace in the whole country.

 Council welcomed the continued support of the African Union, the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Guarantors of the Peace Agreement. Council also welcomed the exemplary cooperation between the African Union, the United Nations and the European Union, in close coordination with the countries of the Region, in the stabilisation and socio-economic recovery efforts of the CAR and encouraged the three organisations to continue their coordinated commitment to the promotion of peace, security and stability in the CAR. Council expressed its appreciation to the AU Commission, particularly to the Commissioner for Peace and Security, for its continued commitment to supporting peace efforts in the CAR, including the mobilisation of funds for the implementation of the APPR.

Council paid tribute to the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) and its Troop Contributing Countries for the huge sacrifices made for peace in the Central African Republic. In this regard, Council honoured the memory of the recently fallen Senegalese soldiers in the Central African Republic, as well as those of all other peacekeepers who have made the supreme sacrifice for this country.

Council expressed its appreciation for the commitment and support provided by the European Union (EU) for the implementation of the Agreement. Consequently, Council requested the AU Commission to pursue its efforts to mobilise resources to ensure the restoration of peace, security and stability in the CAR.

Council, within the context of the African Solidarity Initiative, reiterated its appeal to the Member States of the African Union to continue to provide financial, logistical and other relevant support to the peace efforts of the African Union in the CAR, with a view to further consolidating the gains made in the implementation of the Agreement. Council underscored the need for a holistic approach to peace efforts in the CAR, which could not be dissociated from those that should focus on improving the living conditions of the Central African people shattered by so many years of instability and violence.

Council requested the Commission to consider convening another meeting of the International Contact Group for the CAR, to assess the situation in the CAR and to take the necessary measures with a view to better support the implementation of the Peace Agreement.

Council recalled Assembly Decision AU/Assembly/Dec.718(XXXII) adopted by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government, recognizing the efforts of the UN Peacebuilding Commission, and particularly the Kingdom of Morocco, chair of the UN Configuration of the CAR, in its efforts and commitment as it continues to mobilize support for the peace efforts in the CAR.

Council decided to remain actively seized of the situation in the CAR.

4.     DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO

a)    International Rescue: Any let up in Ebola response could risk escalation of outbreak in DRC, warns IRC

Dalia al-Awqati, Ebola Response Director in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) at the IRC said: “Whilst we have seen the number of reported cases drop in the past weeks, cases continue to arise, and the challenges we face in controlling the spread are undiminished. We are walking on a tightrope. We know that it does not take much for cases in a new area to escalate quickly, as we have seen following previous lulls in cases in this outbreak. It only takes one infected person to travel to a new area to start a new transmission chain. Given the 21 day incubation period, the chances of this are relatively high.”

Many of the areas in which the disease is now present represent a significant challenge to the response due to their remoteness and poor infrastructure, meaning curbing transmission continues to require significant effort. Increasingly we are working with small communities with pre-existing challenges such as lack of access to water and poor access to basic services.

For example, to travel the 36km [22 miles] to Mayuwano from the small town of Mambasa in southwest Ituri province takes two hours on a good day. On a bad day the road is simply impassable. Once in Mayuwano, there is little infrastructure meaning that all materials for triages need to be brought along the increasingly damaged road, which the community also relies on. This example also brings to light the challenges that many people in North Kivu and southwest Ituiri face everyday, with or without an Ebola outbreak.

The risk of spread from the DRC to neighboring countries remains high. This means maintaining high levels of preparedness in these countries until the very end of the outbreak in DRC. This includes both monitoring for and responding to Ebola cases, as well as working to ensure that existing humanitarian programming is resilient to a potential outbreak.

The IRC has been responding to the Ebola outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri since its declaration in August last year working in more than 90 health facilities in Beni, Mabalako, Butembo, Goma and in southwest Ituri, leading on infection prevention and control (IPC). The IRC is also working in women’s and children’s protection and community engagement, and integrating Ebola-related protection concerns in areas where the IRC supports primary health care services.  The IRC has a long-standing presence in this area of North Kivu and continues to equally address pre-existing and persistent health and protection needs related to displacement and insecurity in this area now impacted by Ebola.

The IRC has been working in the Democratic Republic of Congo since 1996 responding to the humanitarian crisis in the east. It has since evolved into one of the largest providers of humanitarian assistance and post-conflict development, with life-saving programming in health, economic recovery, women’s and children’s protection, and livelihoods.

5.     KENYA

a)    KMA News Agency: IMF commends Kenya on fight against corruption

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) Director for African Department, Mr. Abebe Selassie has commended President Uhuru Kenyatta for spearheading the war against corruption, saying Kenya is on the right path.

Mr. Abebe said the IMF is satisfied with the stable economic growth that averages between 5.5 percent and 6.0 percent as a result of the ongoing fiscal reforms that the Kenyan Government is implementing to ensure macroeconomic stability.

“Because of this, Kenya is a leading light in terms of economic reforms and growth in the region,” Mr. Abebe said.

The Director for the African Department of the IMF spoke today when he paid the President a courtesy call at State House, Nairobi.

During the meeting, the President and Mr. Abebe discussed the relationship between Kenya and the Bretton Woods institution where they agreed on the need for closer cooperation.

President Kenyatta thanked the IMF for technical support it gives Kenya saying the institution plays a key role in the stability of the country’s economy.

He said the government is committed to a stronger partnership with IMF as it implements programmed that are geared towards uplifting the lives of Kenyans.

The IMF Director introduced Mr. Tobias Rasmussen, the new IMF Kenya Resident Representative. Mr. Rasmussen is replacing Mr. Jan Mikkelsen whose tenure ended on September 13th this year.

President Kenyatta assured the IMF officials that his door is always open for discussions that benefit the country.

“Our door is always open. I look forward to working closely with you,” President Kenyatta told the incoming Resident Representative.

Mr. Abebe was in Kenya to the launch of the IMF’s Regional Economic Outlook report for Sub Saharan Africa whose theme is “Navigating Uncertainty”.

b)    KDR TV: The Kikuyu Factor in Kibra by-elections

With less than 1o days to the Kibra by-elections, campaigns have reached homestretch as candidates fight for the highly lucrative seat.

Unless something extraordinary happens, the race has narrowed down to two horses; Jubilee’s McDonald Mariga and ODM Candidate Imran Okoth. Mariga has emerged as a force in these campaigns thanks to his association with Deputy President William Ruto.

Ruto’s Tanga Tanga bloggers led by Dennis Itumbi have ensured that the former Inter Milan midfielder has his A-game on social media.

More than 80% of Kibra voters are from the Luo and Luhya community. If Mariga and Imran get 50% of these votes then a tie-breaker will be needed. This is why the Kikuyu Community in Kibra becomes very important in these elections. Kikuyus are the third most populous community in Kibra after Luos and Luhya.

It is for this reason that both Mariga and Imran have laid down strategies to win over the community. As a Jubilee Candidate, Mariga is supposed to be assured of the votes from Mt Kenya but the handshake complicated everything.

Nominated Jubilee MP Maina Kamanda has been rallying members of the house of Mumbi to back Imran. In a past function, Kamanda even sensationally claimed that the heart of President Uhuru Kenyatta is with Imran, a man he dubbed the handshake candidate.

Former Jubilee vice-chairman David Murathe and former Nairobi Woman Rep Esther Passaris have also thrown their weight behind Imran.

ODM leader Raila Odinga is also expected to meet members of the Kikuyu Community within the week.

Mariga’s camp is using Kikuyu MPs; Charles Njagua (Starehe), John Kiarie ohn Kiarie (Dagoretti South) and Kimani Ichungwa (Kikuyu) to woo the Kikuyu voters. The three have pitched camp in Woodley Ward, which is home to many Kikuyus.

The Kibra by-elections have narrowed down to a battle of titans between Raila and Ruto. On Sunday, Raila asked Kibra residents not to embarrass him. The DP promised them goodies like affordable housing and jobs if they vote Mariga.

The two powerhouses are expected to hold mega rallies this weekend. IEBC has set Monday as the deadline for campaigns. The mini poll will be held on November 7.

6.     RWANDA

a)    The New Times: Rwanda to host global anti-corruption awards summit

The 4th International Anti-Corruption Excellence (ACE) Award summit is set to take place in Kigali next month, it has emerged.

The annual event, due December 9 on the occasion of the International Anti-Corruption Day, will be co-hosted by the governments of Rwanda and Qatar, according to a statement.

The ACE Award is an initiative of the Government of Qatar and is presented annually on International Anti-Corruption Day in cooperation with the Vienna-based United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).

The ACE Award seeks to raise awareness, support, and solidarity to combat corruption and encourage new initiatives in pursuit of corruption-free societies, the statement says.

Johnston Busingye, Rwanda’s Minister for Justice and Attorney General, said the Awards are an inspiration to promote accountability.

“Rwanda is honoured to welcome all distinguished guests, including Heads of State, who will attend the ACE Award Ceremony. We look forward to hosting this important Award that seeks to recognise excellence in the fight against corruption and inspire continued action to promote integrity and accountability,” he is quoted in the statement as saying.

Rwanda has improved by one point to score 56 out of 100, making it one of the five least corrupt countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, according to the latest Corruption Perception Index (CPI).

There are four categories of the ACE Award in the global fight against corruption, namely; lifetime and outstanding achievement, innovation, academic research and education, as well as youth creativity and engagement.

The Anti-Corruption Lifetime Achievement Award seeks to reward an outstanding contribution to the global fight against corruption, achieved over the span of a lifetime, organisers says. 

This category targets those who have shown outstanding contributions to the achievement of anti-corruption agenda, be it domestic or international; having the impact of their actions, and be able to serve as potential role models for others.

The Anti-Corruption Youth Creativity Award is given in recognition of anti-corruption initiatives created and led by young people.

Their projects can vary in form, from independent youth initiatives and campaigns to organisational and school or other academic institution projects.

This category seeks to recognise and encourage projects designed and led by or for young people and, where applicable, supported by non-governmental organizations or civil society.

The Anti-Corruption Academic Research Award is granted in recognition of impactful academic research in the field of global anti-corruption efforts whereby each awardee will receive a trophy and a financial consideration.

This category seeks those individuals and/or entities whom have a peer-recognized body of research and publications in the anti-corruption area.

They should have a significant contribution to the growth of knowledge in anti-corruption through research, publications, and education-related work; and that this contribution be significant towards raising awareness among the academic community on anti-corruption.

Anti-Corruption Innovation Category looks to reward those who have created and developed the necessary tools to help in the fight against corruption.

This includes the development, use of innovative solutions and approaches to anti-corruption action and the raising of awareness. 

Such solutions and approaches may involve the use of IT and communications technologies (e.g. new applications, software or integrated technology), as well as other innovative methodologies that will help those whom wish to combat corruption in every way possible.

b)    The New Times: Kagame in Qatar for major IT conference

President Kagame on Monday arrived in Doha, Qatar where he is expected to attend the 5th Qatar Information Technology Conference and Exhibition (QITCOM 2019), according to a statement from the Office of the President.

The Qatari Ministry of Transport and Communication hosts QITCOM 2019, which starts today,, under the patronage of Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani, the Emir of Qatar.

It is Qatar's biggest digital event, bringing together smart technology with international expertise, industry specialists, key government decision-makers, innovators, and entrepreneurs.

Themed "Safe Smart Cities", QITCOM 2019 features an edition of the Smart City Expo that is staged in partnership with Fira Barcelona, the organisers of the international benchmark event, Smart City Expo World Congress.

Attended by over 300 technology exhibitors, 100 startups and 300 innovators and entrepreneurs, the gathering is a one-stop-shop for participants to showcase disruptive smart technologies and exchange next-generation knowledge.

Rwandan companies participating in the exhibition include AC Group, Ampersand, Broadband Systems Corporation, Irembo, Pascal Technology, QT Software and a youth-led recycling start-up called Wastezon. 

This is Rwanda’s first time to participate in QITCOM.

Rwanda spearheads Smart Africa’s Smart Cities Flagship Programme, which provides guidelines for African governments to integrate technology into urban planning.

Technological applications in Rwandan cities include CCTV camera for public safety, tap-and-go payment and Wi-Fi on public transport, Irembo, and e-recruitment for public service.

7.     SOUTH SUDAN

a)    Sudan Tribune: Women demand inclusion in South Sudan’s peace process

October 28, 2019 (JUBA) - Women in South Sudan have urged the country’s leaders to ensure the 35% affirmative action allocated for them is represented in new transitional government of national unity.

The appeal emerged during a ‘women to women’ dialogue forum hosted by the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) and the Gender, Child and Social Welfare Ministry in the capital, Juba.

About 60 participants, who included local authorities, faith-based groups, civil society and various political parties attended the forum.

Developing a road map for ensuring that the provision for 35% representation of women in the unified transitional government, due to be formed on November 12 is real was key during the discussions.

Ann Itto, a member of the East African assembly representing South Sudan argued that strong action needed to be taken by women themselves if they wanted the 35% affirmative action to be realized.

She encouraged women to join political parties and pressure groups as well as the security sector to challenge the patriarchal society that dominates South Sudan.

Itto, a senior member of the ruling party (SPLM) reminded the group of their power and influence, particularly during elections and referendums, given women make up the majority of the population.

“A party is where they cook the soup and it is served to the people. They can fight for your rights, and there are many things that you can achieve through being in the party,” said the official.

“You need to fight for the policies including electoral laws that protect the interest of women when you become part of these organizations,” she added.

The East African legislative assembly MP said it was vital that women took a unified approach to the peace process, including issues like securing accountability for crimes committed during the conflict.

“You must walk back to the women at grassroots level and move forward with them to translate the 35 percent into reality,” said Itto.

“Also, for us to bring peace to ourselves, we need to respect the transitional justice process so we can tackle ruining cases like rape,” she added.

On her part, however, the Minister of Gender, Child and Social Welfare, Rose Paulino Lisok urged the participants to submit recommendations from the forum to the government so that an action plan could be developed and implemented, including translating the 2018 peace agreement into the various languages.

Meanwhile UNMISS Gender Affairs Unit representative, Gladys Jambi, said the mission was working with authorities to promote gender provisions within the revitalized peace agreement and to identify any gaps that may hinder women’s full participation in governance.

“UNMISS will continue to lead peace building engagement across the country, including promoting gender inclusivity, with the support of civil society organizations, faith-based groups and government officials,” she said.

b)    Sudan Tribune: South Sudan’s Kiir briefed on devastating flood situation

October 28, 2019 (JUBA) – South Sudan’s Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management minister, Hussein Maar Nyuot on Monday briefed President Salva Kiir on the flood situation across the country.

Speaking shortly after meeting the president, Nyout said he also informed the South Sudanese leader of the ministry’s plans on how to control floods.

He assured the population affected by the devastating floods to be calm, saying government is working hard to control the situation.

Nearly a million people in South Sudan have been affected by heavy flooding, the United Nations Office for Coordination for Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said Friday.

Severe floods, it said, have devastated large areas of the country since July, submerging entire communities and forced hundreds of thousands from their homes.

An estimated 908,000 people have reportedly been affected, including internally displaced people, refugees and their host communities in a country already hit by years of ruinous civil war that caused mass displacement and wrecked its economy.

Alain Noudeho, OCHA humanitarian coordinator in South Sudan, said the situation is "extremely” concerning as rains are likely to continue for another four to six weeks and put more people at risk.

Floods have also limited access to health facilities, nutrition centres, basic services and markets, the agency said.

Across the 32 flooded counties in South Sudan’s Jonglei, Upper Nile, Warrap, Eastern Equatoria, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Unity and Lakes region, over three million people were already in need of humanitarian assistance even before the rains, according to OCHA.

Many affected areas, it said, were already facing high humanitarian needs before the flooding started, with more than 60 per cent of them classified as having extreme levels of acute malnutrition.

8.     SUDAN

a)    Radio Tamazuj: Sudan’s transitional authority, FFC form coordination committee

October 28, 2019 (KHARTOUM) - The Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC), the Council of Sovereignty and the Transitional Government have agreed in an unprecedented meeting on Monday to form a coordinating committee to follow up the implementation of the programme of the transitional period.

The coordinating committee, which includes four members from the two components of the Transitional Authority and the protest movement that toppled down the former regime, will tackle and follow up all files and issues besides forming subcommittees on specific issues.

The meeting, the first of its kind since the formation of the transitional government, came after demonstrations and statements by the FFC or its groups criticising the poor performances and the slow implementation of reforms by the transitional authority during the past two months.

Information Minister Faisal Mohamed Saleh said that the meeting lasted for more than three hours during which a number of issues were discussed, adding that it was agreed on the importance of trust between the three parties "for the success of any joint project".

"The peace file was discussed and therefore this coordination mechanism will form tripartite panels to work on the file of peace and prepare a common opinion on various issues related to the tasks transitional period," he added.

He pointed out that there is also a committee that will discuss other issues such as the dismantlement of the elements of the National Congress Party, as provided in the Constitutional Document.

The tripartite coordination committee comprises Aisha Musa, Mohamed Hassan Eltaishi Lt. Gen. Yasir aAl-Atta, Lt. Gen. Shams al-Din Kabbashi, Mohamed al-Hassan Eltaishi from the Sovereignty Council. While ministers Omer Monis, Intisar Saghiroun, Faisal Mohamed Saleh and Youssef Alday will represent the government. For their part, the FFC picked Ahmed Rabie, Amina Mahmoud, Ayman Khaled, and Taha Youssef.

Under the Political Agreement between the FFC and the military council, the coalition of the protest movement formed a government including 21 ministers, except for the defence and interior ministers who are designated by thy the military.

Also, the FFC nominated six out of the eleven members of the Sovereign Council.

Next December, they will form the 300-member parliament, as the FFC will appoint 67% of its members.

9.     TANZANIA

a)    The Citizen: Retired Tanzania PM calls for peace, stability ahead of elections

Dar es Salaam. The retired Prime Minister, Mr Mizengo Pinda, has urged Tanzanians to maintain the country’s peace and stability ahead of next month’s civic elections and the 2020 general election Mr Pinda made the call, when addressing the participants of Center for International (CIP) Africa charter held in the city on October 29, 2019.

The former premier called upon the politicians, who will participate in the November’s civic polls to accept the results because ‘it is the voters, who decide’ “We should all (politicians) agree with the outcome of the results…it should be clear that Tanzania comes first.

So, we should put our interests aside,” said Mr Pinda Speaking during the conference, the chairman of the Tanzania Center for Democracy, Mr James Mbatia, warned some politicians, who, he claimed, are misusing their powers to jeopardize the country’s peace. Arrogance by those, who are in power, always puts a country’s peace and stability at risk, as political, religious and other leaders we should be very careful of our utterances,” said Mr Mbatia.

10.  UGANDA

a)    Daily Monitor: US condemns Makerere violence

The US embassy in Uganda has condemned the violence that security forces meted out on Makerere University students during the strike last Thursday and asked government to intervene.

“The US Mission in Uganda is increasingly concerned about the violence at Makerere University in response to ongoing protests against the proposed tuition increases. Footage of security services attacking unarmed students in their residence halls and attacks on journalists covering the protests are especially disturbing,” the US statement reads.

“This heavy-handed response by security services is uncalled for, and is a direct affront to the freedoms of assembly, speech and expression guaranteed by Uganda’s constitution. We urge the Government of Uganda to allow all Ugandans to exercise their basic rights peacefully and without fear,” the statement added.

Police spokesperson Fred Enanga defended the use of force by the joint security officers in searching students’ halls of residence.

“Once a police commander makes a proclamation order during a riot for you to stop protesting, you are supposed to oblige,” Mr Enanga said, adding that what happens later even if it involves death the officer cannot be held criminally liable. However, the Police Act only allows use of force that is proportional to the resistance.

Mr Enanga said they received intelligence that there was a third force, which he did not name, behind the protesting students and they are investigating it.

He said most of the arrested students had withdrawn money sent by a person he did not mention and that they would pick it from the same mobile money agent at the university.

He said the same group had been inciting students from other universities such as Kyambogo and Makerere University Business School Nakawa to join the protests.

The Forum for Democratic Change party (FDC) has condemned military involvement in the university students strike and asked government to withdraw the soldiers immediately.

Mr Ibrahim Ssemujju Nganda, the party spokesperson, told journalists at the FDC headquarters in Najjanankumbi yesterday that the breaking into rooms of university students was “the worst terror and humiliation any leader can visit on his people”.

“Several students have been brutalised, molested, battered and had their belongings vandalised by UPDF soldiers,” he added.

At least 11 students have been hospitalised following army and police raid on Thursday night.

11.  ZAMBIA

a)    Russian Aviation: Russia suspends contract for supply VIP version of SSJ 100 aircraft to Zambia

The contract for the supply of a SSJ 100 aircraft in the VIP version to Zambia has been suspended because the country does not have enough funds to finance the contract, Russia’s Industry and Trade Minister Denis Manturov told TASS as part of the Russia-Africa Forum.

"We take into account the experience of working with the Mexican market, where we delivered more than 20 aircraft. In addition to changes in the economy of the region, which affected the operation of the delivered aircraft, some maintenance issues were not completely resolved, there were certain malfunctions in this part. In Africa, for example, we signed a contract for the supply of a VIP version of the SSJ 100 to Zambia. But in Zambia, besides the advance payment, there were no funds to finance this aircraft, so the contract has been frozen,"Manturov said.

According to him, Russia will continue to search for potential customers in Africa, but such deliveries will become profitable only if these are bulk deliveries, not one-time shipments.

"We will continue to intensively promote our aircraft. We are thinking about forming a pool [of customers — TASS], it concerns at least 20 airliners, so that we can sign firm contracts, have obligations, and provide quality service," the minister said.

"It’s important for us today to form a certain pool [of customers in one region — TASS]. If we form this pool, then this will be a profitable business. At least that means that the SSJ 100 will be operated and serviced on time," the minister said.

In September of 2018, Manturov told reporters that Russia and Zambia had signed a contract for the supply of a single SSJ 100 aircraft (in its VIP version). At that time, the parties also discussed the supply of four more SSJ 100s.

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